Less 是一门 CSS 预处理语言,它扩展了 CSS 语言,增加了变量、Mixin、函数等特性,使 CSS 更易维护和扩展。

Less 可以运行在 Node 或浏览器端。


@base: #f938ab;

.box-shadow(@style, @c) when (iscolor(@c)) {
  -webkit-box-shadow: @style @c;
  box-shadow:         @style @c;
.box-shadow(@style, @alpha: 50%) when (isnumber(@alpha)) {
  .box-shadow(@style, rgba(0, 0, 0, @alpha));
.box {
  color: saturate(@base, 5%);
  border-color: lighten(@base, 30%);
  div { .box-shadow(0 0 5px, 30%) }


.box {
  color: #fe33ac;
  border-color: #fdcdea;
.box div {
  -webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
  box-shadow: 0 0 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);

Less can be used on the command line via npm, downloaded as a script file for the browser or used in a wide variety of third party tools. See the Usage section for more detailed information.


The easiest way to install Less on the server, is via npm, the node.js package manager, as so:

$ npm install -g less


Once installed, you can invoke the compiler from the command-line, as such:

$ lessc styles.less

This will output the compiled CSS to stdout. To save the CSS result to a file of your choice use:

$ lessc styles.less styles.css

To output minified you can CSS use clean-css plugin. When the plugin is installed, a minified CSS output is specified with --clean-css option:

$ lessc --clean-css styles.less styles.min.css

To see all the command line options run lessc without parameters or see Usage.


You can invoke the compiler from node, as such:

var less = require('less');

less.render('.class { width: (1 + 1) }', function (e, output) {

which will output

.class {
  width: 2;


You may pass some options to the compiler:

var less = require('less');

less.render('.class { width: (1 + 1) }',
      paths: ['.', './lib'],  // Specify search paths for @import directives
      filename: 'style.less', // Specify a filename, for better error messages
      compress: true          // Minify CSS output
    function (e, output) {

See Usage for more information.


Using less.js in the browser is great for development, but it's not recommended for production

Client-side is the easiest way to get started and good for developing with Less, but in production, when performance and reliability is important, we recommend pre-compiling using node.js or one of the many third party tools available.

To start off, link your .less stylesheets with the rel attribute set to "stylesheet/less":

<link rel="stylesheet/less" type="text/css" href="styles.less" />

Next, download less.js and include it in a <script></script> tag in the <head> element of your page:

<script src="less.js" type="text/javascript"></script>


  • Make sure you include your stylesheets before the script.
  • When you link more than one .less stylesheet each of them is compiled independently. So any variables, mixins or namespaces you define in a stylesheet are not accessible in any other.
  • Due to the same origin policy of browsers loading external resources requires enabling CORS


Options are defined by setting them on a global less object before the <script src="less.js"></script>:

<!-- set options before less.js script -->
  less = {
    env: "development",
    async: false,
    fileAsync: false,
    poll: 1000,
    functions: {},
    dumpLineNumbers: "comments",
    relativeUrls: false,
    rootpath: ":/a.com/"
<script src="less.js"></script>

Or for brevity they can be set as attributes on the script and link tags (requires JSON.parse browser support or polyfill).

<script src="less.js" data-poll="1000" data-relative-urls="false"></script>
<link data-dump-line-numbers="all" data-global-vars='{ myvar: "#ddffee", mystr: "\"quoted\"" }' rel="stylesheet/less" type="text/css" href="less/styles.less">

Learn more about Browser Options


下载 Less.js v2.5.3

Download Source Code

Get the latest Less.js source code by downloading it directly from GitHub.

Clone or Fork via GitHub

Fork the project and send us a pull request!

Install with Bower

Install the Less.js project and JavaScript by running the following in the command line:

bower install less


<script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/less.js/2.5.3/less.min.js"></script>

Less.js is released under the Apache 2 License (though there are plans to dual license it). Copyright 2009-2015, Alexis Sellier and the Less Core Team (see about). Boiled down to smaller chunks, it can be described with the following conditions.

It allows you to:

  • Freely download and use Less.js, in whole or in part, for personal, company internal or commercial purposes
  • Use Less.js in packages or distributions that you create

It forbids you to:

  • Redistribute any piece of Less.js without proper attribution

It requires you to:

  • Include a copy of the license in any redistribution you may make that includes Less.js
  • Provide clear attribution to The Less Core Team for any distributions that include Less.js

It does not require you to:

  • Include the source of Less.js itself, or of any modifications you may have made to it, in any redistribution you may assemble that includes it
  • Submit changes that you make to Less.js back to the Less.js project (though such feedback is encouraged)

The full Less.js license is located in the project repository for more information.